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名家介绍张兴来:艺术的进步需要更多探索性的作品和画家
 

原创: 艺术via 艺术via 2016-12-21

张兴来,1961年7月生于江苏兴化。1987年毕业于南京艺术学院中国画专业本科。现为中国美术家协会会员、国家一级美术师、江苏省美术馆副馆长、江苏省美术家协会常务理事兼山水画艺委会副主任、江苏省中国画学会副会长、江苏文德山水画会会长、江苏省国画院、南京书画院特聘画家。

艺术荣耀

作品先后参加国际和国内多项艺术展览并被收藏、获奖、发表和出版,其中获江苏省首届美术节中国画展铜奖、江苏省工笔画展铜奖、纪念延安“讲话”60周年江苏美术作品展银奖、民族魂国土情全国书画大奖赛优秀奖、七彩世纪中国画大展铜奖、江苏万里写生作品展铜奖、日本国际水墨画展优秀奖、第六届艺术节中国画展优秀奖,2006年获得江苏省第四届山水画展金奖,2006年被评为江苏优秀青年国画家,2009年获全国文化系统职工书画展银奖,三次入选中国百家金陵画展,2010年获文化部第七届中国文化艺术政府奖''最佳成就奖'',2011年获中国百家金陵中国画展金奖,2012年入选傅抱石奖30人作品展,2014年入选第十二届全国美展,2015年1月获政府特殊津贴。2015年6月获第二届江苏省文华美术提名奖。

艺术评价

“水文化”与张兴来的水墨山水画 ——马鸿增

张兴来1961年生于苏北水乡兴化,“扬州八怪”的郑板桥、李复堂,《水浒传》的作者施耐庵,都是乡先贤,这似乎注定了张兴来与“水文化”的不解之缘。

“水文化”在心态层面上有三个特征:一是“智者文化”。孔子说:智者乐水,这是说具有聪颖灵慧的特性。二是以柔克刚。《老子》认为水虽柔弱而能攻坚强,水滴石穿,柔性之中蕴藏着坚韧不拔的性格。三是心胸善于保持沉静,而处事善于发挥所长,行动善于把握时机。

据我对张兴来将近二十年的了解,他全然具备了上述的精神素质。他于1987年从南京艺术学院中国画专业毕业后,便来到江苏省美术馆展览部工作。那时我正担任副馆长。此后,我和他不仅成了配合默契的同事,而且也成为能够交流艺术见解的忘年同道。由于他出色的工作表现,他由一名美术设计师,不久便提为副主任,再升为主任。更令我高兴的是,他在繁忙的“为他人作嫁衣”事务性工作之余,每天起早带晚,挤出一切可利用的时间,孜孜不倦地钻研中国画创作,从来没有星期天。他还利用一切可能的机会,到生活中到大自然中去感悟天地之灵气,拓展胸中之丘壑。天分、韧性、悟性,加上广收博取,张兴来终于水滴石穿,水到渠成,以其鲜明的艺术个性自立于当代山水画坛。

雄浑、流动的整体气势美,是张兴来水墨山水画的一大特色,这一特色使他与当代众多以空灵静穆之美为追求的山水画家拉开了距离。在这一点上,他有些近似傅抱石的美学观。

在张兴来的作品中,并不细画山川林木具体形态,却总弥漫着大气磅礴的浩然之慨,显露出一种天地万物在浩渺时空中冥冥运化、惟恍惟惚的永恒境界。这是他对大自然敬畏而又挚爱的情感流泻,也是他澄怀观道的独特体悟。他的画在动态之美中流溢出宇宙生生不息的生命活力,但因画面组织结构和分布的差异,各自又有着不同的审美倾向。《山韵》的雄浑,《幽谷》的清旷,《暮雪》的纯净,《曙光初照》的热烈,《松林漫步》的诡异,《云水相相依》的亲和……多样而统一的艺术意境,使人浮想联翩,产生一种人生感、历史感和沧桑感。

张兴来笔下的山水境界,并不一定是客体山水形神的再现,而是“中得心源”之后,画家重新构建的非现实的山水时空,是理想化、情感化的心象山水,它们虽然不合实景,不合常理,却合乎常情,而且与现代人与自然和谐相处的心态相合拍,与现代审美视觉求新求异的需要相适应,因而超越了传统意义上的“天人合一”而具备了时代性和现代感。观其整体气势,不由联想起石涛一首诗:“天地挥溶一气,再分风雨四时,明暗高低远近,不似之似之。”正是这种张兴来式的“不似之似”,使其山水画产生了发人想象的广阔空间。

灵动、清新的水墨韵律美,是张兴来水墨山水画的又一特色。

张兴来用水颇有独到处,李复堂说“笔墨关纽在于水”。水在写意画中举足轻重,更何况画云水烟蕴的山水画。他往往以饱含适量水分之笔,和墨落纸,淋漓酣畅,或染或泼,或勾或点,笔随心运,水到形成,韵味浓醇,一派生机。这种驾驭自如的运水渗透走向,若非百炼成钢,焉能得心应手。

当然,水并非孤立存在,而是笔墨载体。观其笔墨多变,浓与淡,枯与润,疏与密,轻与重,虚与实,一一从容写出。线条与墨块相呼应而共舞,相揖让而齐飞,妙化为种种似真似幻的自然生态,营造出山川大地湿润、朦胧、飘忽的美境。

在水墨之法中,张兴来尤得浑、清有致之奥妙。前人曾说:“山川气象,以浑为宗;林峦交割,以清为法。”此言甚是。无“浑”则气小,无“清”则气浊。他的作品通过巧妙的水墨处理,将山川的浑莽与林木的清朗两者对比而又调和的关系,表现得十分到位。在《山韵》和《松岂无骨石亦行姿》等作品中,这种特色发挥尤为充分。

张兴来正当精力旺盛的中年时期,来日方长。有“水文化”精神的强大后盾,他的水墨山水画艺术正迈向石涛所说之境——“于墨海中立定精神,笔锋下决出生活,尺幅上换去毛骨,混沌里放出光明。”

 

[Famous introduction] Zhang Xinglai: The progress of art requires more exploratory works and painters
Original: Art via art via 2016-12-21
Click on the "Blue Word" above to follow this public number

Zhang Xinglai was born in Xinghua, Jiangsu Province in July 1961. In 1987, he graduated from Nanjing Art College with a bachelor's degree in Chinese painting. He is currently a member of the Chinese Artists Association, a national first-class artist, deputy director of the Jiangsu Provincial Art Museum, executive director of the Jiangsu Artists Association and deputy director of the Landscape Painting Art Committee, vice president of the Jiangsu Chinese Painting Society, and Jiangsu Wende Landscape Painting Association. President, Jiangsu Provincial Painting Institute, Nanjing Painting and Calligraphy Institute, special painter.

Art glory

His works have participated in many international and domestic art exhibitions, and have been collected, awarded, published and published. Among them, he won the Bronze Award of the First Art Festival of Jiangsu Province, the Bronze Award of Jiangsu Provincial Painting Exhibition, and the 60th Anniversary of Yan'an Speech. Silver Award, National Soul National Land Painting and Calligraphy Grand Prix Excellence Award, Colorful Century Chinese Painting Exhibition Bronze Award, Jiangsu Wanli Sketch Exhibition Bronze Award, Japan International Ink Painting Exhibition Excellence Award, 6th Art Festival Chinese Painting Exhibition Excellence Award, 2006 Gold Medal of the 4th Landscape Painting Exhibition of Jiangsu Province. In 2006, he was awarded the Jiangsu Excellent Young National Painter. In 2009, he won the Silver Award of the National Cultural System Staff Painting and Calligraphy Exhibition. He was selected into the 100th Jinling Painting Exhibition in China and the 7th Chinese Culture of the Ministry of Culture in 2010. Art Government Award ''Best Achievement Award'', won the gold medal of China's 100 Jinling Chinese Painting Exhibition in 2011, was selected as the 30th exhibition of Fu Baoshi Award in 2012, was selected in the 12th National Art Exhibition in 2014, and was awarded the government in January 2015. Special allowance. In June 2015, he won the second Jiangsu Provincial Wenhua Art Nomination Award.

Artistic evaluation

"Water Culture" and Zhang Xinglai's Ink Paintings - Ma Hongzeng

Zhang Xinglai was born in Xinghua, a water town in northern Jiangsu Province in 1961. Zheng Banqiao and Li Futang of "Yangzhou Eight Eccentrics" and Shi Naijun, the author of "Water Margin", are all township sages. This seems to be doomed to the indissoluble bond between Zhang Xinglai and "water culture". .

"Water culture" has three characteristics on the mental level: one is "smart culture". Confucius said: The wise man is happy, this is said to have the characteristics of intelligence and intelligence. The second is the soft gram. "Laozi" believes that although the water is weak, it can attack strong and strong, and the water droplets are worn through, and there is a tenacious character in the flexibility. The third is that the mind is good at keeping quiet, and the good at doing things is good at playing the strengths, and the action is good at grasping the opportunity.

According to my understanding of Zhang Xinglai for nearly two decades, he fully possesses the above-mentioned spiritual qualities. After graduating from the Chinese Painting Department of Nanjing Art College in 1987, he came to the exhibition department of Jiangsu Provincial Art Museum. At that time I was working as a deputy curator. Since then, I and he have not only become acquainted colleagues, but also become the same way to exchange artistic insights. Due to his outstanding work performance, he was promoted to a deputy director by an art designer and later promoted to director. What makes me even more gratified is that he is busy with the daily work of "making a wedding dress for others". Every day, he takes the night and squeezes out all available time. He has worked tirelessly on Chinese painting and never had Sunday. He also used all possible opportunities to go to nature to understand the aura of the heavens and the earth and expand the hills in the chest. Talent, resilience, savvy, and wide-ranging collection, Zhang Xinglai finally passed through the stone, and the water is everywhere, and stands on the contemporary landscape painting with its distinctive artistic personality.

The majestic and flowing overall beauty is a major feature of Zhang Xinglai's ink landscape paintings. This feature has opened up a distance with many contemporary landscape painters who pursue the beauty of air and quiet. At this point, he has some aesthetics similar to Fu Baoshi.

In Zhang Xinglai's works, the specific forms of mountains and rivers are not detailed, but they are always filled with the vastness of the vastness of the earth, revealing an eternal realm of heaven and earth in the vast space and time. This is his emotional sigh of awe and love for nature, and his unique understanding of Cheng Tao. His paintings overflow the vitality of the universe in the beauty of the dynamics, but each has different aesthetic tendencies due to the differences in the organization and distribution of the pictures. The majestic of "Mountain Yun", the clearing of "Glen", the purity of "Snow Snow", the warmth of "The First Light of Shuguang", the difference of "Songlin Walk", the affinity of "Clouds and Waters"...Diverse and unified The artistic conception creates a sense of life, history and vicissitudes.

The landscape of Zhang Xinglai’s landscape is not necessarily the reappearance of the object-shaped landscape, but the unrealistic landscape of the artist’s reconstruction after the “center of the heart” is an idealized and emotional image of the landscape. The real scene is unreasonable, but it is in line with the usual feelings, and it is in harmony with the mentality of modern people and nature, and adapts to the needs of modern aesthetic vision to seek new and different, thus surpassing the traditional "harmony between man and nature" Time and modernity. Looking at its overall momentum, it is impossible to think of Shi Tao's poem: "The heavens and the earth are mellow, and then the wind and rain are divided into four seasons. The light and dark are high and low, and they are not like it." It is this kind of Zhang Xing's "not like", Make its landscape paintings create a vast space that is imaginative.

Smart and fresh ink and rhythm beauty is another feature of Zhang Xinglai's ink landscape painting.

Zhang Xinglai is quite unique in water use. Li Futang said that “the pen and ink are in the water”. Water plays an important role in freehand drawing, not to mention painting landscape paintings. He often uses a pen full of appropriate amount of water, and ink drop paper, dripping smooth, or dyeing or splashing, or hook or point, pen with the heart, water to form, the charm is rich, a life. This kind of freely transported water penetrates into the direction. If it is not made into steel, you can be handy.

Of course, water does not exist in isolation, but is a pen carrier. Look at his pen and ink change, thick and light, dry and moist, sparse and dense, light and heavy, virtual and real, one by one calmly write. The lines and the ink blocks echoed and danced together, letting each other fly together, and the magical nature became a kind of natural ecology that seemed to be true and illusory, creating a beautiful, moist, sinuous and fascinating landscape of mountains and rivers.

In the law of ink and wash, Zhang Xinglai has a beautiful and clear mystery. The predecessors once said: "The mountains and rivers are meteorological, and the ancestors are the ancestors; the Lin Biao is delivered, and the Qing is the law." This is very true. If there is no "浑", it will be small, and if there is no "clear", it will be turbid. His works are treated with ingenious ink treatment, and the relationship between the mountains and rivers and the clearness of the trees is harmonious and harmonious. This feature is particularly useful in works such as Shan Yun and Song Song without bones.

Zhang Xinglai was in the mid-aged period of vigorous energy and came to Japan. With the strong backing of the spirit of "water culture", his art of ink landscape painting is moving towards the realm of Shi Tao--"Yu Mohai's neutral spirit, the life of the pen, the hair on the scale, the light in the chaos ."

 

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